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司法部、科技部负责人就《中华人民共和国人类遗传资源管理条例》答记者问

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幸运飞艇平台  2019nian5yue28ri,guowuyuanzonglilikeqiangqianshudi717haoguowuyuanling,gongbu《zhonghuarenmingongheguorenleiyichuanziyuanguanlitiaoli》(yixiajiancheng《tiaoli》)。《tiaoli》zi2019nian7yue1riqishixing。riqian,sifabu、kejibudefuzerenjiu《tiaoli》youguanwentihuidalejizhetiwen。

  问: 请简要介绍一下《条例》制定的背景和过程?

  da: woguoshiduominzuderenkoudaguo,juyoudutederenleiyichuanziyuanyoushi,yongyoufengfudetesejiankangzhangshourenqun、teshushengtaihuanjingrenqun(rugaoyuandiqu)、diligelirenqun(ruhaidaorenqun)yijijibinghexinjiaxidengyichuanziyuan,weifazhanshengmingkexuehexiangguanchanyetigongledetianduhoudetiaojian。woguolilaigaoduzhongshirenleiyichuanziyuandebaohuheliyonggongzuo,1998nianguowuyuanbangongtingzhuanfakejibu、weishengbulianhezhidingde《renleiyichuanziyuanguanlizanxingbanfa》,duiyouxiaobaohuheheliliyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuanfahuilejijizuoyong。danshi,suizhexingshifazhan,woguorenleiyichuanziyuanguanlichuxianleyixiexinqingkuang、xinwenti: renleiyichuanziyuanfeifawailiubuduanfasheng;renleiyichuanziyuandeliyongbugouguifan、quefatongchou;liyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuankaizhanguojihezuokexueyanjiudeyouguanzhidubugouwanshan;zanxingbanfayecunzaiduiliyongrenleiyichuanziyuandeguifanbugou、falvzerenbugouwanbei、jianguancuoshixuyaojinyibuwanshandengwenti。weijiejueshijianzhongchuxiandetuchuwenti,cujinwoguorenleiyichuanziyuandeyouxiaobaohuheheliliyong,youbiyaozaizongjiezanxingbanfashixingjingyandejichushangzhiding《tiaoli》。

  2016nian1yue,kejibuxiangguowuyuanbaosongle《renleiyichuanziyuanguanlitiaoli(songshengao)》。yuanguowuyuanfazhibanshoudaocijianhou,xianhouliangcizhengqiuyouguanbumen、difangzhengfu、keyanjigou、qiye、zhuanjiaxuezhedeyijian,bingxiangshehuigongkaizhengqiuyijian;fudifangdiaoyan,zhaokaizhuanjiayantaohui,huitongkejibuduisongshengaojinxinglefanfuyanjiuxiugai,xingchengle《zhonghuarenmingongheguorenleiyichuanziyuanguanlitiaoli(caoan)》。“jiyinbianjiyinger”shijianfashenghou,sifabuhuitongkejibuyougenjuzuixinxingshibianhua,duicaoanzuolejinyibuxiugaiwanshan。2019nian5yue28ri,likeqiangzongliqianshuguowuyuanling,zhengshigongbu《tiaoli》。

  问: 《条例》在加强我国人类遗传资源保护方面采取了哪些措施?

  da: weileyouxiaobaohuwoguorenleiyichuanziyuan,《tiaoli》guiding: yishiguojiajiadaduiwoguorenleiyichuanziyuandebaohulidu,kaizhanrenleiyichuanziyuandiaocha,duizhongyaoyichuanjiaxihetedingdiqurenleiyichuanziyuanshixingshenbaodengjizhidu。ershiwaiguozuzhi、gerenjiqishelihuozheshijikongzhidejigouxuyaoliyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuankaizhankexueyanjiuhuodongde,caiquyuwoguokeyanjigou、gaodengxuexiao、yiliaojigou、qiyehezuodefangshijinxing。sanshijiangrenleiyichuanziyuanxinxiduiwaitigonghuohuozhekaifangshiyong,shixingbeianbingtijiaoxinxibeifen;kenengyingxiangwoguogongzhongjiankang、guojiaanquanheshehuigonggongliyide,yingdangtongguoguowuyuankexuejishuxingzhengbumenzuzhideanquanshencha。

  问: 《条例》在促进合理利用我国人类遗传资源方面作了哪些规定?

  da: weilecujinheliliyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuan,《tiaoli》guiding: yishiguojiazhichiheliliyongrenleiyichuanziyuankaizhankexueyanjiu、fazhanshengwuyiyaochanye、tigaozhenliaojishu,tigaowoguoshengwuanquanbaozhangnengli,tishengrenminjiankangbaozhangshuiping。ershiguojiarenleiyichuanziyuanbaozangjichupingtaiheshujukuyingdangyizhaoguojiayouguanguidingxiangyouguankeyanjigou、gaodengxuexiao、yiliaojigou、qiyekaifang。sanshishengjiyishangrenminzhengfukexuejishuxingzhengbumenyingdanghuitongbenjirenminzhengfuyouguanbumenduiliyongrenleiyichuanziyuankaizhankexueyanjiu、fazhanshengwuyiyaochanyetongchouguihua,helibuju,jiaqiangchuangxintixixingyunfeitingpingtai,cujinshengwukejihechanyechuangxin、xiediaofazhan。sishiguojiagulikeyanjigou、gaodengxuexiao、yiliaojigou、qiyeliyongrenleiyichuanziyuankaizhanyanjiukaifahuodong,duiqiyanjiukaifahuodongyijichengguodechanyehuayizhaofalv、xingzhengfaguiheguojiayouguanguidingyuyizhichi;guliliyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuankaizhanguojihezuokexueyanjiu,tishengxiangguanyanjiukaifanengliheshuiping。

  问: 《条例》在规范采集、保藏、利用、对外提供人类遗传资源等活动方面作了哪些规定?

  da: weileguifancaiji、baozang、liyong、duiwaitigongrenleiyichuanziyuandenghuodong,《tiaoli》guiding: yishicaiji、baozang、liyong、duiwaitigongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuanbudeweihaiwoguogongzhongjiankang、guojiaanquanheshehuigonggongliyi,yaofuhelunliyuanze,baohuziyuantigongzhedehefaquanyi,zunshouxiangyingdejishuguifan。jinzhimaimairenleiyichuanziyuan,weikexueyanjiuyifatigonghuozheshiyongrenleiyichuanziyuanbingzhifuhuozheshouquhelichengbenfeiyong,bushiweimaimai。ershikaizhanshengwujishuyanjiukaifahuodonghuozhekaizhanlinchuangshiyande,yingdangzunshouyouguanshengwujishuyanjiu、linchuangyingyongguanlifalv、xingzhengfaguiheguojiayouguanguiding。sanshibaoliuzanxingbanfazhongduicaiji、baozangwoguorenleiyichuanziyuan、liyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuankaizhanguojihezuokexueyanjiuherenleiyichuanziyuancailiaochujingdeshenpi,bingmingqueshenpitiaojian、wanshanshenpichengxu。

  问: 《条例》在优化幸运飞艇平台监管方面采取了哪些措施?

  da: weileyouhuaxingyunfeitingpingtaijianguan,《tiaoli》guiding: yishiguowuyuankexuejishuxingzhengbumenhesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfukexuejishuxingzhengbumenyingdangjiaqiangduicaiji、baozang、liyong、duiwaitigongrenleiyichuanziyuanhuodonggehuanjiedejiandujiancha,faxianweifanbentiaoliguidingde,jishiyifayuyichulibingxiangshehuigongbujiancha、chulijieguo。ershiguowuyuankexuejishuxingzhengbumenyingdangjiaqiangdianzizhengwuxingyunfeitingpingtai,fangbianshenqingrenliyonghulianwangbanlishenpi、beiandengshixiang;zhidingbingjishifabuyouguancaiji、baozang、liyong、duiwaitigongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuandeshenpizhinanheshifanwenben,jiaqiangduishenqingrenbanliyouguanshenpi、beianshixiangdezhidao。sanshiwanshanfalvzeren,jiadalechufalidu。

  问: 条例在加强涉及“基因编辑”的生命科学研究、医疗活动监管方面将发挥什么作用,是否还要制定其他行政法规?

  da: 《tiaoli》zhongzaibaohuwoguorenleiyichuanziyuan,cujinrenleiyichuanziyuandeheliliyong,congyuantoushangfangzhifeifahuoqu、liyongrenleiyichuanziyuankaizhanshengwujishuyanjiukaifahuodong。weilejinyibujiaqiangduibaokuo“jiyinbianji”zaineideshengmingkexueyanjiu、yiliaohuodongdeguifanhejianguan,guowuyuanjinnianhaijiangjiakuaishengwujishuyanjiukaifaanquanguanliheshengwuyixuexinjishulinchuangyingyongguanlifangmiandelifagongzuo,yu《tiaoli》gongtonggouchengquanguochengjianguanliantiao。qizhong,shengwujishuyanjiukaifaanquanguanlifangmiandelifazhongzaiguifanxiangguankeyanxingwei,fangzhishengwujishuyanjiukaifahuodongzhongshaoshuzuzhihegerenshishiyanzhongbeinishehuilunlidexingweihuozheshengwukongbuzhuyi,bimianchuxianzhijiehuozhejianjieshengwuanquanweihaiwenti。shengwuyixuexinjishulinchuangyingyongguanlifangmiandelifazhongzaiguifanxiangguanzhenliaoxingwei,tongguojiaqiangshengwuyixuexinjishudelinchuangyingyongguanli,guifanyiliaojigoushengwuyixuexinjishuyingyongxingwei,baozhengyixuejishulinchuangyingyonganquan,weihurenminqunzhongjiankangquanyi。muqian,youguanbumenzhengzaianlifachengxujijituijinxiangguangongzuo。



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